Everything you need to know about short track speed skating ahead of the Youth Olympic Games this January.
Short track speed skating is as thrilling as it is frantic.
The start is crucial, while every tight corner can provide a pivotal moment when determining the winner.
First across the finish line wins, but there’s a lot that can go wrong over 500 or 1000 metres.
At Lausanne 2020, there will be golds on offer in the men’s and women’s 500m and 1000m.
There will also be the Mixed NOC Relay, and you can scroll down to find out more about each event which will be shown live on Olympic Channel in January.
Olympic Channel will stream 300 hours of action from the 13 days of competition in Lausanne 2020 with a dedicated Winter YOG channel available on olympicchannel.com, YouTube and connected devices such as Amazon Fire, Apple TV, Android TV and Roku.
There will be an action-packed daily live show featuring news, highlights, trending stories and interviews in a fun and interactive format streamed on Facebook, Twitter and olympicchannel.com, plus a daily Olympic Channel Podcast featuring insightful interviews with personalities from across the Olympic world.
Fans can also follow Olympic Channel's coverage on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube to learn more about the event, while a full schedule of events - including online streaming details can be found here.
The short track speed skating takes place at the Malley icerink from January 18-22 at Lausanne 2020. (Scroll down for full schedule)
9 - 22 Jan
Lausanne 2020 | Youth Olympic Games
Skated on a 60x30m ice rink, the very specific 111.12m oval track means there are less than five ferocious laps in the 500m races.
That equates to just nine turns in a race that lasts under a minute, and therefore it is essential to get an advantageous position from the start.
Skaters morph into sprinters when taking off, and those seven or so steps in under three seconds play a crucial part going into the first corner.
With competitors just centimetres apart while racing at speeds reaching 50km/h, collisions are frequent.
As a result, there are strict rules in place. Defy them, and you could face disqualification.
The constant jockeying for position can result in a variety of penalties. Skaters risk disqualification if they impede a competitor by intentionally blocking, pushing or tripping them.
Skaters must not travel outside the designated track, nor can they alter their course when heading for the finish line. They must remain straight from the final corner and not veer off to block an opponent from passing.
As a result, taking the inside line is key, as those wishing to overtake must take a wider line.
There is a referee and assistant referees who determine whether an infraction has taken place.
A restart can be called, while the officials also watch out for a false start, of which each skater can only commit once before disqualification.
After qualification, both the men’s and women’s 500m and 1000m competitors feature four quarter-finals with four skaters in each heat.
The first and second-placed skaters reach semi-finals A and B. The third and fourth-placed skaters reach semi-finals C and D.
From there, the first and second-placed skaters from semi-finals A and B reach Final A – where the medals are decided.
Before that takes place, the third and fourth-placed skaters from semi-finals A and B compete in Final B, the first and second-placed skaters from semi-finals C and D race in Final C, and the third and fourth-placed skaters from semi-finals C and D race in Final D.
Eight teams comprising of four skaters – all from different nations – compete in the Mixed NOC Relay.
The 3000m relay race follows the sequence of woman, man, woman, man.
Starting with the semi-finals, the first and second-placed teams from both heats will reach Final A and have a chance to win gold.
The third and fourth-placed teams compete in Final B.
Saturday, January 18
11:00 - 14:30 - Women's/Men's 1000m
Monday, January 20
13:00 - 16:00 - Women's/Men's 500m
Wednesday, January 22
10:00 - 11:15 - Mixed NOC Relay